Section I. Accountability and Inventory. PETROLEUM ACCOUNTING RECORDS AND REPORTS. Soldiers storing or transferring class III products must. provide extensive information about FM ( ). SUPERCESSION STATEMENT. This publication supersedes ATP dated 21 July , FM dated 2 April. and FM
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The primary purpose of good maintenance practices at petroleum installations is to enhance safety and security and to maximize service life. These practices also enhance work force performance and public relations. Working personnel, military or civilian, perform better when high standards of safety, cleanliness, orderliness, and appearance are maintained. This applies to all facilities, whether permanent, semipermanent, or temporary.
Under any conditions, fire prevention, integrity of firewalls, safety, security, and environmental protection stewardship must be considered in all petroleum installation maintenance procedures and policies. Constant attention should be paid to the installation grounds and the property around pipelines.
All areas should be attractive and free of fire hazards. To maintain the grounds, follow these steps. Buildings, pump station shelters, toolsheds, and all other similar structures should be kept in good condition To maintain them, follow these rules. The firewalls which are built around aboveground tanks at permanent installations are usually made of concrete or some impervious material.
These firewalls are subject to damage. The mounds of earth that cover underground tanks and the earthen firewalls Figure which are built around aboveground tanks in tactical areas are subject to erosion. If left unchecked, erosion weakens firewalls so that they are not able to act as a secondary containment for a spill or prevention of a fire from spreading to another source.
Also, the eroded soil collects at the base of the firewalls. This destroys the grade inside the firewalls so that runoff water flows to the tank instead of from it.
The water corrodes the tank bottom. It also washes away soil under the tank, causing the tank to settle. This settling puts stress on the tank structure and pipes.
To maintain firewalls and tank mounds, follow these rules.
Hangers and tiedowns as shown in Figure are used to attach pipelines to bridges and trestles. Concrete embedded pipe anchors as shown in Figurepageare used along pipelines to control movement and reduce vibrations. Other devices, such as wire ropes, cables, tower timbers, cross braces, and deadman anchors, are used to suspend pipelines across streams and ravines.
To maintain pipeline supports, follow these steps:. The roads, walkways, railroad tracks, and culverts required to operate a petroleum installation should be safe.
To maintain them, follow these steps. Fences are necessary around petroleum installations to prevent trespassing, theft and sabotage. To maintain the security fences, follow these steps.
Waterfront facilities and tactical marine terminals are used to transfer fuel to and from tankers. Maintenance on the waterfront is a constant effort to stop the potential threat to the environment caused by the sea, ships, and weather conditions A regular program of inspections and maintenance is necessary to prevent as much damage as possible from the seawater, salt, air, marine organisms, sunlight, and dry rot.
Furthermore, there are strict environmental regulations, permits and SPCC Plans which require that certain maintenance be done on a strict time schedule.
Every effort must be made to ensure these rules and time schedules are followed, both to the letter, and the spirit of their intent. Emergency repairs are also necessary to mend the structural damage caused by moving vessels, ice, petroleum spills, and high waves.
Ongoing maintenance is essential to keep waterfront facilities and marine terminals operational. Repairs to structures such as piers and pilings cannot be done by organizational maintenance personnel.
However, they are responsible for maintaining the pipelines, hoses, hose-handling equipment, grounding systems, and mooring devices at waterfront operations. Pipelines on fuel piers and jetties as shown in Figureare used in protected harbors to transfer fuel. The piers and jetties are usually equipped with several pipelines to carry different fuels. The pipelines may be supported on top of a pier or jetty, or they may be suspended below a pier with hangers Figure Pipelines under piers are especially subject to damage because they are alternately submerged and exposed by tides.
To maintain the pipeline system Submarine pipelines are welded pipe sections connected to storage tanks on shore and laid under water to ship moorings. These pipelines are located at tactical marine terminals. They are also located in areas that are not navigable by ships and in areas where there are no piers.
Like the pipelines suspended under piers, submarine pipelines are especially prone to corrosion and damage from the ocean. The onshore sections should be inspected frequently and repaired as required. The underwater sections should be reported to support units. The marker buoys for submarine pipelines and the chains used to lift the lines off the ocean floor should be serviced the same as for the markers and chains of the 10-677-1 facilities.
Wire-reinforced neoprene rubber hoses are flanged to the ends of submarine and pier pipelines. They provide flexible connections to tankers.
Maintenance procedures of the hoselines include the following. Do not go over PSI unless it can be determined that the hoses were designed by the manufacturer to take more. During testing, look for leaks, bulges, and distortions in the hose.
Stencil the date of the test on the hose in a subdued color black or gray and keep a written record of the tests. Hose assemblies, rubber, oil and gasoline discharge, smooth-bore, lightweight buoyant type MIL-H ships latest revision. Hose and hose assemblies, synthetic rubber, reinforced, water- and oil resistant, nonmagnetic and regular service, high-pressure type type C MIL-H ships latest revision. Hose and hose assemblies, rubber, oil- and gasoline discharge, smooth-bore, lightweight, buoyant type; reattachable couplings and adapters MIL-H ships latest revision.
Hose, rubber, gasoline, with reusable couplings, low temperature MIL-H, latest revision 6. Hose-handling equipment consists of devices such as cranes, slings, hoists, winches, A-frames, and gin poles.
This equipment is usually located at the end of piers. It is used to lift and suspend cargo hoses for fuel transfer. It 10-6-1 rigged to allow movement of the ship during transfer operations. Maintenance requirements of hose-handling equipment include the following. Marine loading arms Chapter 4 are being used instead of hoses and hose-handling equipment at fmm waterfront facilities. Marine loading arms have a hydraulics system or a set of cables which moves the piping into position.
Swivel joints provide a flexible connection between the piping and a tanker. Maintenance dm of marine loading arms include the following. Do Not adjust the cables in a cable-operated arm.
This is not organizational level maintenance. Bollards, bits, and capstans are hardware devices used to moor a ship to a pier or jetty. These devices are made of cast iron or steel. They are fastened to the pier with anchor bolts. Line handling devices are subject to corrosion. The anchor bolts are especially subject to corrosion where they come in contact with the castings. Maintenance requirements of line handling equipment include the following.
Concepts and Equipment of Petroleum Operations (FM 10-67-1)
A multileg mooring facility Figure is used to anchor a tanker in position offshore during a fuel transfer. A mooring facility is located at the ocean end of submarine pipelines. Depending on the size of the tankers to be moored, the mooring facility can have three, five, or seven legs as shown in Figure Each leg of a multileg mooring facility is made up of a marker buoy, sinker, anchor, and chain.
The chains and buoys are subject to much wear and tear from the ocean and moving vessels. Maintenance requirements of the mooring facilities include the following. All the metal structures and pipelines on piers should be grounded. Also, ships and tankers should be grounded 10-7-1 bonded with a flexible copper cable during fuel transfers.
FM Concepts And Equipment Of Petroleum Operations – TABLE OF CONTENTS
Maintenance requirements for the pier grounding systems include the following. Sign In Sign Out. Hose assemblies, rubber, oil and gasoline discharge, smooth-bore, lightweight buoyant type MIL-H ships latest revision Hose and hose assemblies, 10-6-1 rubber, reinforced, water- and oil resistant, nonmagnetic and regular service, high-pressure type type C MIL-H ships latest revision Hose and hose assemblies, rubber, oil- and gasoline discharge, smooth-bore, lightweight, buoyant type; reattachable couplings and adapters MIL-H ships latest revision Hose, rubber, gasoline, with reusable couplings, low temperature MIL-H, latest revision.
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