The Ahiara Declaration. By Emeka Ojukwu. Markpress, Geneva, (for the. Government of Biafra), No price. These three books are General Ojukwu’s own. The Ahiara Declaration and Ndigbo. “Today, Monday January 16, in Ahiara, Imo State, we are commemorating an epochal event that. Ahiara Declaration was all about doctrines, philosophy, teachings and preachments about what a good government should be and do for the.
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As Igbo leaders converge on Ahiara, Imo State, the historic site of the famous declaration of the philosophy and vision of the failed state of Biafra on June 1, Below is the speech:.
The Ahiara Declaration and Ndigbo. Odumegwu Ojukwu rallied Ndigbo behind a common cause — the ddclaration for their survival in dignity and security as an ethnic group. The Biafran secession bid, aimed at securing that objective, failed militarily, but the spirit which propelled it remained in the minds of many, symbolized in the towering personality of Dim Emeka Odumegwu Ojukwu. His enduring message to Ndigbo, now a most treasured legacy, is that they must always be courageous and united in their legitimate struggle for political and economic survival within the Nigerian nation.
At the same time the third arm of government — the Judiciary — was deeclaration by Justice Legbo Kutigi also from North Central, although by existing convention, succession here has been by professional seniority. At Independence inwhat our founding fathers settled for was a full-blown Federal Structure, with three Regions, Declarahion as the federating units of our nation.
Declartion did not, in their wisdom, opt for two regions — North and South. All three regions were constitutionally equal in status. A fourth Region — the Midwestwas created by regular constitutional amendment xhiara Alongside the subsequent creation of states by abrupt military fiat in and thereafter, the democratically conceived regional option remained declaratioj much alive and soon metamorphosed into the current six geo-political zonal arrangement.
Thus, the national master plan adopted by our founding fathers at Independence was pure federalism. There was an agreed specific power sharing formula between the federal and regional governments.
For our recently recovered democratic dispensation to stabilize and endure, we should not perpetuate the autocratic military deviation from the unambiguous terms and intentions of this zonally based socio-political contract, which brought us together as a modern nation, without first of all properly consulting and dec,aration the clear consent of the inheritors of that sacred agreement — the Nigerian people.
Those who are still preaching the antiquated, if not unpatriotic, North-South political doctrine with regards to power shift should stop to reflect on the fact that of the fifty-one years since Independence, the geographical area which they designate as the North has produced civilian and military rulers of Nigeria for some thirty-eight years, leaving in the process a most significant stamp on the crucial configuration of our State and Local Government structure.
Although we admit that some of them, proved to be leaders of good polish and nationally acknowledged integrity, like Gen. The so-called South by contrast has so far clocked less than fourteen years in the presidential saddle.
Is it after completing its own equalizing stint of thirty-eight years? Surely, in the interest of national cohesion and socio-political stability, we must recognize the fact that our country simply cannot progress steadily, to the desired benefit and comfort of all the component groups, while operating an unstable elastic zoning system, which either shrinks to two or expands to six as and when it suits the sectional interest of any part of this vast and variegated nation.
Igbos role in Independence Igbo political role in Nigeria has been consistent in the pursuit of national unity and inter-ethnic cooperation. Under the leadership of the late Owelle of Onitsha, Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwwe, the Igbos played the role of bridge builders in the fledgling Nigerian nation. Zik, as he was fondly called, accepted the leadership of the legendary Yoruba political activist, Herbert Babington Macauley to form and direct the first truly significant national political party — National Council of Nigeria and Cameroon NCNC.
With respected and nationalist Yoruba leaders like Dr. Benson, the then Igbo leadership forged a political alliance which cut across ethnic boundaries. Such was the extent of their success that Zik was poised, after the regional election ofbut for a last minute hitch, to become the Premier of the Western Region, the home ground of the Yoruba nation. It was an issue that could make or break Nigeria if the three Regions chose to go their separate ways to Independence.
The Eastern Region would rather suppress its appetite for Independence and the obvious gains it would entail until the Northern Region was ready. That was how Nigerian Independence was delayed until In short, the Igbo—led Eastern Region would rather forgo the advancement of its own political and economic interests, than risk the break-up of Nigeria.
Michael Okpara, continued faithfully. Bythe three Regions would have become separate sovereign states. The role of Ndigbo in socio-economic front On the socio-economic front, the Igbos played and are still playing a leading role in the promotion of national integration.
Today, there are several millions of Igbo people living, working and helping to develop significantly parts of Nigeria outside Igboland. They are in remote villages and towns nationwide. For the Igbos, anywhere in Nigeria is home.
Indeed, a few years ago, the former FCT Minister, Malam Nasir El-Rufai, was quoted as saying that Igbo investment in indigenous private property development in the Federal Capital Territory, accounted for some seventy percent of the existing structures. It is therefore clear that all this long, since the British colonial administration put together this vast country, the evident role of Igbo people in the political, economic and social history of Nigeria has been that of bridge builders and nation builders.
The desperate resort to Biafran secession infollowing successive massacres and tearful exodus of Igbos from Northern Nigeria the previous year, and its subsisting residual echo in the emergence of the Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra MASSOBare clearly an aberration, not an Igbo hallmark, emanating from a sudden sense of rejection and persecution of a people who have given their all, in spirit and material resources to the concept and construction of a truly united, prosperous Nigerian nation.
The attainment of this objective will restore the confidence of the Igbo nation, severely bruised by the civil war and its debilitating aftermath, both in itself as a people and in the Nigeria project, where it once held an indisputable pride of place.
Ndigbo, apart from their demographic weight are exceptionally resourceful as evidenced by their outstanding achievements in various fields of human endeavour both at home and abroad. Now is the time to put these impressive attributes to work and make the desired political impact at the national level, where team work is crucial for our collective success.
Hence Ohanaeze Ndigbo, is putting great emphasis on uniting our people and guiding them towards a common political and economic agenda.
Ahiara Declaration. Biafra
The attainment of South-East presidency demands all hands on deck as it will not be handed over to Ndigbo on a platter of gold. The increasing display of unity by South East Governors and other well-meaning Igbo sons ahoara daughters in pursuit of a common political and economic agenda is a welcome step in this direction.
The virtually unanimous Igbo support for President Jonathan at the elections of last April is an instructive evidence that our people are coming seriously together and can use their collective demographic weight to influence national affairs significantly.
This is a healthy departure from the hitherto individualistic, rapacious and opportunistic approach prevalent amongst those struggling for political office in total disregard for collective legitimate Igbo interest at the national level. How to achieve Igbo Presidency in In pursuit of the objective of South-East presidency inOhanaeze Ndigbo has put forward a case and is canvassing for the rotation of the office of the president among the six geo-political zones of our country.
The rallying cry for Igbo support for President Jonathan during the general elections of last April was clearly based on this particular premise. It was essentially support for declaratipn South—South presidential slot, with Dr. Goodluck Ebele Jonathan, already in the saddle at Aso Villa, as a lucky, credible and worthy beneficiary. This patriotic political Igbo gesture extended to the South-South zone in is characteristically consistent with the massive Igbo support similarly given to Chief M.
In line with this thinking of Ndigbo, all five governors of the South-East zone in an impressive and patriotic display of unity, irrespective of their different political party alignments, spoke with one voice and acted in unison in support of the South-South presidential candidate and selflessly abstained from the presidential and vice presidential contest.
So did a good number of erstwhile South-East aspirants to the presidential seat equally abstain. So also did support for the South-South come from our respected traditional rulers, revered religious leaders of all denominations, major political stakeholders and the masses of the Igbo nation, who came out to register and support a South-South presidency at the election proper last April.
They all expect the South-East to have its turn in President Goodluck Jonathan has publicly declared and emphatically declarwtion our nation that he will not seek re-election at the end of his current tenure in To every politically conscious Nigerian, who believes in true and demonstrable federalism and wishes to see the strategic office of the president go round the various geo-political zones of our great country, this is the opportunity to complete the first round of zonal presidential representation, hence the South-East should take its rightful turn in Thereafter, and only thereafter, will it become fair and proper, if considered necessary, to change the extant rules of engagement, aihara not in the course of an on-going game.
By the time President Jonathan completes his tenure, South-East, the once hallowed political base of Dr.
Akanu Ibiam, the indomitable Dr. Michael Okpara, the indefatigable Igbo Union leader, Chief Zacchaeus Decclaration and lately our legendary Dim Odumegwu Ojukwu, all of blessed memory, now sticking out in unenviable political solitude, will distinctly remain the only zone that has not held the top-most executive office in our country since Independence in Ndigbo worldwide fervently and fraternally urge all Nigerians and our various political parties to see the case of South East presidency in this equity-generated light.
Sun, 16 th January A colloquium on Ahiara declaration Januaryformed ahhiara of the frontlines of activities to commemorate the life, times, tremendous courage and sacrifice of late Dim Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, leader of the then Republic of Biafra which now comprises of South Eastern and South-Southern parts of Nigeria.
Ahiara declaration made by Ojukwu on June 1,two years into the Nigeria-Biafra war ofhas been described by analysts as masterpiece political and ideological testament in which a vision of a new society was articulated in the light of the contradictions that led to the civil war and near breakup of Nigeria. As Igbo prepares for the burial of her illustrious and brave son and hero, Dim Emeka Ojukwu, it becomes pertinent, not only once, to recount the declaration of unity, focus and bravery which mark the Igbo spirit — declaration made by Eze Igbo Gburugburu himself.
Below is a paper presentation by Chief Charles O. Okereke, Publisher – Nigeria Masterweb www. By Chief Charles O. Nke onye chiri, ahiaga zara. Fathers, mothers, elders, brothers, sisters, ladies and ahlara, I stand gratefully here today, in my humble self, to address a nation whom God has blessed with all blessings, a people bound in love, wisdom and unbreakable unity, and before great men and women whose desire for a better posterity is unmatched all over the world.
I stand here today, the least of the brothers, first of all, to show my undiluted gratitude to Igbo who, even in the midst of great injustice and threat to slavery, especially in the 60s, came out en masse – leaving everything we held dear – our families, barns and business- to defend our generation against ahiars common enemy – the spirit of genocide and annihilation — and to gain an eternal place for our people in a free world.
Above all, I stand here before you, Ndi nwem, and before the God of all – our one and only king – to pour out my gratitude eeclaration God for His mercies to us all in our journey in Nigeria and in life. On Tuesday, May 30,mandated by the elders and leaders of the old eastern region of Nigeria, late Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, leading Ndigbo and other Biafrans, declared secession from Nigeria and announced the republic of Biafra.
It was the spirit of manliness which stands, taller than all, even at the point of death. Picking from the words of the declaration, and I quote: The content of Ahiara declaration should, in no wise, be mistaken for weakness or a plea to those who never cared declaratio anything besides their selfish interests and callous decisions.
On reacting to external influences which militated and still militate against Igbo spirit in Nigeria, Ojukwu read: It is the latest recrudescence in our time of the age-old struggle of the black man for his full stature as man. We are the latest victims of a wicked collusion between the three traditional scourges of the black man – racism, Arab-Muslim expansionism and white economic imperialism.
Playing a subsidiary role is Bolshevik Russia seeking for a place in the African sun. Our struggle is a total and vehement rejection of all those evils which blighted Nigeria, ahkara which were bound to lead to the disintegration of that ill-fated federation. Our struggle is not a mere resistance – that would be purely negative. It is a positive commitment to build a healthy, dynamic and progressive state, such as would be the pride of black men the world over.
Today, the very things spoken as in prophecy still stare us in the face, not one have bettered; if anything, the pains and cries have escalated. Which shall we accept amongst these three evils: Do we accept any of these or do we maintain that Nigeria must rightly and urgently evolve to a healthy, dynamic and progressive state, such as would be the pride of black men the declarxtion over?
The Ahiara declaration : the principles of the Biafran revolution
In Ahiara declaration, more than making the world, once again, inexcusable for her silence and support for the genocide against Igbo, the intention was primarily and solely centered on reviving the Igbo spirit- the spirit on oneness and unity in the face of challenges and extinction threats.
The Igbo spirit does not surrender, no matter the circumstances. The tape is in sight.
This same spirit is what I call on us all, especially at this critical time of our seemingly choking life in Nigeria, to embrace and work with, for the safeguarding of our core values and raising a grateful posterity. Today, Igbo blood is still being poured all over Nigeria – especially in the North.
Our fathers, mothers, husbands, wives, brothers, sisters, and children, to this very day, still fall victims of the unwritten law in Nigeria which ahhiara to wipe us off the map. Nigeria belongs to all, and that is what we, Igbo, have said and shown dfclaration all in Nigeria; yet, without having to enumerate the many wrongs done us in Nigeria, what now stands at the vertex of all truths is that the Igbo have remained and are still marginalized in Nigeria.
The crescendo declaation which this crafted callousness has reached is no longer hidden- even before the eyes of those whose ignorance erected monuments ahiaraa sorrows in every family in Igboland as a result of the war. To attest to this, one can still hear- in many quarters of Nigeria, of the mistakes and regrets of fighting the wisdom and vision of the Igbo in Nigeria, and the invasion of our homeland form The qhiara of the person acclaimed to have won the first position was not played declaratiin the panel of judges, and the person to whom they sold the second position happened to be one of the judges in the panel – a rule birthed in injustice against Igbo; mine, rigged to the third position, was the only played anthem before the judges which Africans also voted the best online.